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List of 80 Important Articles of the Indian Constitution : At a Glance

At a Glance : List of 80 Important Articles of the Indian Constitution


At present, the Constitution of India has 448 articles, 25 parts and 12 schedules, whereas the original constitution had 395 articles, 22 parts and 8 schedules.


The Constitution of India was prepared on 29 November 1949, which was implemented in the whole country from 26 January 1950.


In this article, we have covered all the important articles which are frequently asked in competitive exams like UPSC/PSC/SSC/CDS.


  1. Article No. 1: – Name of the Union and the territory
  2. Article No. 3: Formation of new states and alteration of territories, boundaries or names of existing states of existing states
  3. Article 13:- Regarding laws inconsistent with or in derogation of Fundamental Rights
  4. Article No. 14:- Equality before the law
  5. Article No. 16:- Equality of opportunity for all in government jobs
  6. Article 17:- Abolition of untouchability
  7. Article No. 19:- Protection of certain rights regarding “freedom of expression”
  8. Article No. 21:- Protection of life and personal liberty
  9. Article No. 21A:- Right to Primary Education
  10. Article No. 25:- Freedom of conscience, freedom of desire and propagation of religion
  1. Article No. 30:- Right of minorities to establish, administer educational institutions
  2. Article No. 31C:- Explanation of laws giving effect to certain Directive Principles
  3. Article No. 32:- Remedies including “writ” for enforcement of Fundamental Rights
  4. Article No. 38:- The State shall maintain a social order to promote the welfare of the people.
  5. Article No.40:- Organization of Village Panchayats
  6. Article No. 44:- Uniform Civil Code for Citizens
  7. Article No. 45:- Provision of compulsory education for children below 6 years of age
  8. Article No. 46:- Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections
  9. Article No. 50:- Separation of judiciary from executive
  10. Article No. 51:- Promoting international peace and security
  11. Article No. 51A :- Fundamental Duties
  12. Article No. 72:- Powers of the President such as:- Grant of pardon, suspension of sentence, provision of reduction of sentence in certain cases, etc.


Proceedings of a Session of Parliament : Statement of Expenditure


  1. Article No. 74:- Council of Ministers to aid and advise the President
  2. Article No. 76:- Attorney General of India
  3. Article No. 78:- Duties of the Prime Minister to inform the President, etc.
  1. Article No. 110:- Definition of Money Bills
  2. Article No. 112:- Annual Financial Statement (Budget)
  3. Article No. 123:- Power of the President to promulgate ordinances during the recess of Parliament
  4. Article No. 143:- Power of President to consult Supreme Court
  5. Article No.148:- Comptroller and Auditor General of India
  6. Article No. 149:- Powers of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India
  7. Article No. 155:- Appointment of Governor
  8. Article No. 161:- Power of Governor to reduce, withhold and suspend pardons
  9. Article No. 163:- Council of Ministers to aid and advice the Governor
  10. Article No. 165:- Advocate General of the State
  11. Article No. 167:- Duties of Chief Minister to give information to the Governor
  12. Article No. 168:- Provision of Legislatures in the States
  13. Article No. 169:- Creation or abolition of Legislative Councils in the States
  14. Article No. 170:- Composition of Legislative Assemblies in the States
  15. Article No. 171:- Composition of Legislative Councils in the States
  1. Article No. 172:- Duration of State Legislatures
  2. Article No. 173:- Qualification for membership of the State Legislature
  3. Article No. 174:- Session of the State Legislature, Prorogation and Dissolution of the State Legislature
  4. Article No. 178:- Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly
  5. Article No. 194:- Powers, Privileges and Immunity of Advocate General
  6. ​​Article No. 200:- Governor’s acceptance of the bill
  7. Article No. 202:- Annual Financial Statement of the State Legislature (State Budget)
  8. Article No. 210:- Language to be used in the State Legislature
  9. Article No. 212:- Courts have no right to inquire into the proceedings of the State Legislature
  10. Article No. 213:- Power of the Governor to promulgate ordinances during the holidays of the State Legislature
  1. Article No. 214:- Provision of High Courts for the States
  2. Article No. 217:- Conditions of appointment of a High Court Judge
  3. Article No. 226:- Power of High Courts to issue writs
  4. Article No. 239AA :- Special provision with respect to Delhi
  5. Article No. 243B:- Constitution of Panchayats
  6. Article No. 243C:- Composition of Panchayats
  7. Article No. 243G:- Responsibilities, Powers and Powers of Panchayats
  8. Article No. 243K:- Elections to Panchayats
  9. Article No. 249:- Power of Parliament to make laws in the national interest with respect to a subject in the State List
  10. Article No. 262:- Adjudication of disputes relating to water in respect of inter-State rivers or river basins
  11. Article No. 263:- Management in relation to the Inter-State Council
  12. Article No. 265:- Taxes not to be levied except by authority of law
  13. Article No. 275:- Grants from the Union to certain States
  14. Article No. 280:- Establishment of Finance Commission
  15. Article No. 300:- Suits and Proceedings
  16. Article No. 300A:- Persons not to be deprived of property (right to property) except by authority of law
  17. Article No. 311:- Dismissal, reduction in rank, of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or any State.
  18. Article:-312:- All India Services
  19. Article No. 315:- Establishment of Public Service Commissions for the Union and the States
  20. Article No. 320:- Functions of Public Service Commissions
  21. Article No. 323-A :- Administrative Tribunal
  22. Article No. 324:- Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in the Election Commission
  23. Article No. 330:- Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha
  24. Article No. 335:- Claims of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to Services and Posts
  25. Article No. 352:- Proclamation of Emergency (National Emergency)
  26. Article No. 356:- Provision in case of failure of constitutional machinery in the State (President’s rule)
  27. Article No. 360:- Provisions as to financial emergency
  28. Article No. 365:- Effect of failure to comply with or give effect to directions given by the Union (President’s rule)
  29. Article No. 368:- Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and its procedure
  30. Article No. 370:- Temporary provision with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir

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